Concept of Organizational Chart

The organization chart is a graphical representation of the skeleton of an organization, showing the top jobs. He chart allows get an idea fast of how is organized a company, cooperative or organization without purposes of profits, any is the type of organization the organization chart is valid. If to the moment of design a graphic of this type not is it performs of form faithful to the reality, is could generate confusion as to take decisions, sign papers or issues similar.


What is the organizational chart?

A organization chart meets different functions: the first is the informative, since to them new members of the company les will serve or also to them more old that have forgotten any position. The second function is that the organization chart meets with the role of a tool for the analysis organizational, revealing peculiarities of the organization.

This second and final feature is very important, since as instrument of analysis will be used to detect faults in the structure, in an organization chart we see clearly each unit or Department and the relationship with other units. So, if something is malfunctioning we can study the graph to understand and thus to solve a situation.

It is very easy to create an organization chart, this is usually done at the same time created an organization to make clear the jobs and the Organization of the company, when an organization has been created and does not have a flow chart or when the organization is created, you already have your chart but need changes or adjustments. It is important that this representation of the company stays up-to-date, is not something static.

Types of organizational chart

There are three types of charts: them analytical (are specific, provide information detailed and can serve of complement for other sources of information), them General (this type of chart shows only them units of greater importance, is them called with that name by be them more common) and supplementary (are those that is used to analyze a Department in particular and serve as complement of them of the first type).

According to its geometric shape, can be: vertical (the most common), horizontal (starting from the left as the head), scalars (not used boxes to the names or positions) and concentric or circular (the highest hierarchical ranks are in the center of the circle and as they go down the hierarchy, are moving away from it).

There are other five classifications of organizational charts according to different issues: by its nature, purpose, scope, content and its presentation.

The flow charts according to their nature have three types: micro administrative (of a single organization), macro administrative (more than one organization) or meso administrative (taking into account one or more organizations in the same sector of activity).

Organization charts according to their purpose are classified in four other types: informational (are intended to be available to the general public), analytical (discusses certain characteristics of an organization), formal (is approved by one major institution organ) and informal (unlike the previous type, is not approved by a Board of Directors).

According to its scope there are two types of flowcharts: General or specific.

Due to its content, we have three types of flowcharts: integrals (represent the relationships between units), functional (including the main functions of each Department) and placed , square and units (leave expressed occupied posts and the number of employees needed for jobs).